Your dog will be
exposed to bacteria, viruses, and parasites
that can cause diseases, some of them
serious and life threatening. You know your dog better than
any one, it
can't let you know what's wrong if it isn't
feeling well. Many canine
diseases can be prevented, treated, or
controlled. You & your veterinarian together
can develop a
comprehensive, ongoing health program for
your best friend.
is a generally fatal viral disease that
affects the central nervous system and can
infect all warm-blooded animals. The disease
is zoonotic, which means it can be
transmitted to humans bitten by an infected
animal. People exposed to rabies must
undergo aa post exposure treatment.
in behavior that can include
aggressiveness, agitation, shyness, and
by your veterinarian.
Parvovirus or "Parvo"
is an acute, potentially fatal disease of
the gastrointestinal tract and, less
commonly, the heart muscle. Although dogs of
all ages are susceptible, puppies are more
bloody diarrhea, fever and dehydration.
Since these symptoms can indicate other
diseases as well, the veterinarian will
confirm a diagnosis of parvoviral infection
by examining the feces.
is a highly contagious gastrointestinal
disease affecting dogs at any age. Show dogs
and dogs in boarding kennels are most
susceptible. Though the symptoms are less
severe in adult dogs than in puppies.
diarrhea, loss of appetite, fever and
depression. Signs are more dramatic if other
infections, such as parvovirus, are present
and extra caution in high-risk environments
such as dog shows and boarding kennels.
distemper, also known as hardpad disease, is
a systemic, very contagious, potentially
fatal viral disease.
runny nose, cough, and vomiting, progressing
to twitching muscles or seizures.
Canine Hepatitis (ICH)
Canine Hepatitis, or ICH, is a contagious
viral disease that can damage a dog's liver,
kidneys, spleen, and lungs. ICH ranges from
mild to severe and can be fatal in puppies.
diarrhea, thirst, loss of appetite,
discharge from the eyes and nose,
respiratory distress, and, in some cases,
abdominal pain may be present in some cases.
Cough or infectious tracheobronchitis, is an
extremely contagious infection of the upper
respiratory tract. Contributing infectious
agents, either acting alone or in
combination with Bordetella
bronchiseptica, canine parainfluenza
virus and canine adenovirus. Kennel cough
can spread rapidly among susceptible animals
in an enviroment such as a boarding kennel.
Though the disease is generally mild it can
be serious or even fatal in puppies and can
cause chronic bronchitis in older dogs and
dogs with other illnesses.
dry coughing followed by retching and
gagging. In more severe cases kennel cough
can be present along with a systemic
infection such as distemper.
parainfluenza is a chronic, viral contagious
respiratory disease that is involved in
opportunistic canine infections.
is a contagious bacterial infection caused
by organisms that can survive in surface
waters for extended periods. Animals and
humans can become infected by coming into
contact with the urine of infected animals
or, in the case of animals, by ingesting
urine-contaminated feed or water. Brown rats
and other dogs are the primary sources of
infection in dogs.
slight weakness, loss of appetite, vomiting,
fever, and mild conjunctivitis in the early
stage. Labored breathing, strong thirst,
back pain, abrasion-like patches in the
mouth in later stages.
and rodent control. Antibiotics are used to
treat the disease.
disease, also known as Borreliosis, is a
tick-borne disease of animals, including
humans, caused by Borrelia
which may become chronic along with other
signs such as loss of appetite, lethargy and
swollen lymph nodes. Neurological, cardiac,
kidney, and reproductive symptoms can also
Antibiotics can be useful in treating canine
and Flea Infestation
are common parasites. These tiny pests can
hop onto your dog unobserved to feed on its
blood and lay eggs, beginning another
generation. Fleas can make life miserable
for people and dogs alike, disrupting your
household with a nasty cycle of biting and
scratching. Flea trasmit tapworm and certain
bites cause itching and may cause
inflammation of the skin called Flea Allergy
Dermatiis (FAD). You should also look for
signs of such as black specs on your dog or
in your dog's bed. Also, your dog may become
nervous or annoyed and will scratch
excessively if infested with fleas.
of an approved product like Advantage,
Advantix & FRONTLINE®
Plus (fipronil/(S)-methroprene) will kill
fleas that are already on a dog and prevent
fleas from reinfesting your animal. Once a
flea infestation is serious, a number of
control measures may be required, including
the use of appropriate flea control products
in indoor and outdoor pet areas, frequent
cleaning of pet bedding and blankets,
vacuuming, and sanitizing.
and Tick-Borne Disease
are ectoparasites, that attach themselves to
a host animal (including humans) to feed on
the animal's blood. Ticks may carry serious,
even fatal, diseases such as Rocky Mountain
spotted fever, Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis,
of tick-borne diseases include fever,
lameness, loss of appetite, sudden onset of
pain in your pet's legs or body, arthritis
or swelling in your dog's joints, lethargy
or depression and a cough.
of a tick-killing product like FRONTLINE
Plus as directed.
parasitic worm responsible for heartworm
disease is called Dirofilaria immitis. The
life cycle of the heartworm begins when a
mosquito bites and feeds on the blood of an
infected dog that is carrying tiny immature
heartworms, called microfilariae, in its
blood. The mosquito takes in the immature
heartworms when it feeds. During the next
two-to-three weeks, the larvae develop into
the infective stage within the mosquito.
When the mosquito feeds again, it can
transmit infective larvae to a healthy dog.
The larvae enter the dog's body through the
mosquitos bite wound , migrate through its
tissues, and develop over the next few
months, eventually reaching the dog’s
heart and lungs. Heartworms may be present
in the heart and lungs approximately four
months after initial infection. Once in the
dog’s heart, the worms may grow to between
7 and 11 inches in length. and cause
significant damage to the heart and lungs.
If left untreated, heartworm disease may
result in death. After adult heartworms mate
and produce immature heartworms an infected
dog which is bitten by an uninfected
mosquito will transmit microfilariae to the
mosquito, beginning the cycle again.
in the early stages of heartworm disease may
not show any symptoms of illness at all. But
as the disease progresses, an infected
animal may cough and exhibit intolerance for
exercise, and, in severe cases, may die
of a heartworm prevention product like
HEARTGARD® Plus (ivermectin/pyrantel)
as directed will kill any immature
heartworms before they have the chance to
mature and cause heartworm disease. Once a
dog has heartworm, treatment can be
Intestinal parasites are roundworms,
hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms, coccidia,&
Coughing, gagging, vomiting, diarrhea
(bloody diarrhea in hookworm & coccidia)&
Sanitations, regular deworming and flea
control for tapeworms.